Active and Passive Voice Change Grammar For Students

 

Active and Passive Voice Change Grammar For Students - Free English Course Online. The students of SSC, HSC, JSC can use this grammar for their examination. Active-passive voice change grammar is a hard topic for the students. So, I want to make clear conception about this grammar of active voice and passive voice.

Grammar practice on Voice change for the students of JSC, SSC, HSC is very important as we show in Free English course Online. After completing this item you should look for the changing of Degree grammar including positive, comparative, and superlative. I, generally, post all grammars in Bangla language also. So, stick to our website to improve your grammar with our smart lecture. 


active and passive voice change


What is a voice in Grammar?
Voice is a sentence that may contain a subject, auxiliary verbs, main verbs, object, and extension. Its another name is a simple sentence.

The classification of Voice change in grammar:
Voice change grammar is classified into two types. They are - 
  • Active voice
  • Passive Voice
Active Voice - It is a simple sentence which has a subject, the main verb, and an object. To change a voice from active to passive, an object must have been in the active voice. Otherwise, it cannot be done. So, the main verb of an active voice is a finite and transitive verb that means an active verb.

Passive Voice - It is a sentence which has some extra elements, unlike an active voice. It has an extra auxiliary verb and an extra preposition 'by'. It gives the same meaning of the active voice but is structured in a different way.

The basic structure of active-passive voice change grammar:

Active - Subject+Verb+Object
Passive - Object (the subjective form of the object)+auxiliary verb+V3(past participle form of the main verb)+by+Subject (an objective form of the subject)

Example -
A - I like her.
P - She is liked by me.

You need to follow something here. When you change the object into a subject, you should follow if it is a singular number or plural number. If it is a singular number, use 'is' for present tense and 'was' for past tense. Follow the main verb of active voice to know tense of the sentence. Above sentence has a verb 'like'. It is in the present tense. And the object is a singular number. So, I used "is" as an auxiliary verb. If the object is plural use "are" for present tense and "were" for past tense.
  • Singular present - is
  • Singular past - was
  • Plural present - are
  • Plural past - were
Above rules will work if the active voice has a main/principal verb only. But if the active voice has an auxiliary verb, the rules will be different.
  • For all kinds of continuous sentence, you need to use an extra auxiliary verb called "being" in a passive voice. Example: A - They are playing football in the field. P- Football is being played in the field by them.
  • For all kinds of Perfect tenses, you need to use an extra auxiliary called "been". Example: A - They have played Football. P - Football has been played by them.
  • If you notice a modal auxiliary in a sentence you have to use an extra auxiliary verb called "be". Example: A - They can make a Drone. P - A drone can be made by them. 

Voice Change Grammar according to Tense

Present Tense


Present Indefinite Tense = Obj+Auxiliary Verb (am, is, are)+V3+by+Sub
Active = We study all subjects every day to make good results.
Passive = All subjects are studied every day to make good results by us.

Present Continuous Tense - Obj+Auxiliary Very (am, is, are)+being+V3+by+Sub
Active = We are studying free English Course online on this website.
Passive = Free English Course online is being studied in this website by us.

Present Perfect Tense - Obj+have/has+been+V3+by+Sub
Active - He has completed the task in his office with my friends.
Passive = The task has been done in his office with my friends by him. 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense - Obj+have been/has been+being+V3+by+Sub
Active - She has been cooking the foods for 1 hour.
Passive -The foods have been being cooked for 1 hour by her.

Past Tense

Past Indefinite Tense = Obj+Auxiliary Verb (was, were)+V3+by+Sub
Active = We studied all subjects every day to make good results.
Passive = All subjects were studied every day to make good results by us.

Past Continuous Tense - Obj+Auxiliary Very (was, were)+being+V3+by+Sub
Active = We were studying free English Course online on this website.
Passive = Free English Course online was being studied in this website by us.

Past Perfect Tense - Obj+had+been+V3+by+Sub
Active - He had completed the task in his office with my friends.
Passive = The task had been done in his office with my friends by him. 

Past Perfect Continuous Tense - Obj+had been+being+V3+by+Sub
Active - She had been cooking the foods for 1 hour.
Passive -The foods had been being cooked for 1 hour by her.

Future Tense

Future Indefinite Tense = Obj+Auxiliary Verb (will be)+V3+by+Sub
Active = We will study all subjects every day to make good results.
Passive = All subjects will be studied every day to make good results by us.

Future Continuous Tense - Obj+Auxiliary Very (will be)+being+V3+by+Sub
Active = We will be studying free English Course online on this website.
Passive = Free English Course online will be being studied in this website by us.

Future Perfect Tense - Obj+will have+been+V3+by+Sub
Active - He will have completed the task in his office with my friends.
Passive = The task will have been done in his office with my friends by him. 

Future Perfect Continuous Tense - Obj+will have been+being+V3+by+Sub
Active - She will have been cooking the foods for 1 hour.
Passive -The foods will have been being cooked for 1 hour by her.

Active and Passive Voice change Grammar according to Interrogative Sentence

In an interrogative sentence, only "who" is transferred into "By whom". The rest rules will be performed according to the rules of above tense. 
Active: What do you want?
Passive: What is wanted by you?
Active: What are you making?
Passive: What is being made by you?
Active: What has he completed?
Passive: What has been completed by him?
Active: What did you want?
Passive: What was wanted by you?
Active: What were you made yesterday?
Passive: What was being made by you yesterday?
Active: What had you completed?
Passive: What had been completed by you?
Active: What can you sing for us?
Passive: What can be sung by you for us?

Active: Who was calling you?
Passive: By whom were you being called?
Active: Who made this wrong idea?
Passive: By whom was this wrong made?

Active and Passive Voice Change According to Imperative Sentence

To change an Imperative active voice into Passive voice, you must use "Let" at first of the passive sentence whatever the active voice starts with "let" or not. Some examples are given below.

Active: Help the poor.
Passive: Let the poor be helped (by you).
Active: Don't hate the poor.
Passive: Let not the poor be hated.
Active: Never criticized the poor people.
Passive: Let never the poor people be criticized.

Active and Passive Voice Change Grammar according to Double Object

When we find a sentence containing a double object, we always use the person as an object.
Active: We made him our chairman. 
Passive: He was made chairman by us. 

Active Passive Voice change of Complex Sentence

Sometimes, we get some voice grammar question containing a complex sentence. In that sentences, the teachers use "that" as the subordinating conjunction. In that sentence, we should make the whole clause as object. Follow the example. 
Active: We know that he is a good student.
Passive: That he is a good student is known to us.
Active: They hope that they will get a good result from this website.
Passive: That they will get a good result from this website is hoped by them.

How to Change Passive Voice into Active Voice

To change a passive voice into active voice,  you need to omit the extra auxiliary verb and the preposition "by". Migrate the object into a subject and the subject into an object. 

Passive: The road was constructed by our Government.
Active: Our Government constructed the road. 

Here, you should notice the tense of the omitted auxiliary verb. If it is present tense, you have to use the present form of the main verb. If the auxiliary verb is past tense, you must use past form of the main verb of the Passive voice. 


Active Passive Voice Exercise Online

Active: My mother called me yesterday to help her in cooking.
Passive: I was called to help her in cooking by my mother.
Active: Virat was playing cricket against Bangladesh.
Passive: Cricket was being Played against Bangladesh by Virat.
Active: She tells unnecessary stories in the office without working.
Passive: Unnecessary stories are told in the office without working by her.
Active: Bangladesh had obtained digitalized nation in 2018.
Passive: Digitalized nation in 2018 had been obtained by Bangladesh.
Active: She could solve the Rohynga Problem at once.
Passive: The Rohynga problem could be solved at once by her.
Active: Who can deny the importance of studying from the newspaper?
Passive: By whom can the importance of studying from Newspaper be denied. 

This was all about "active and passive voice change grammar" for students. If you face any problem understanding this grammatical item, feel free to contact me as soon as possible. 

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